An ultrasound, also known as sonography, is a safe, non-invasive medical test that produces images of the inside of the body using sound waves, using a probe (transducer) with gel on the skin.

It is mostly used as a diagnostic tool in various branches of medicine. Its use in specialties of the musculoskeletal system has been increasing, especially since it can be applied to all joints and the spine. Ultrasound in these cases can help diagnose alterations such as:

  • Osteoarthritis
  • Tendon tears
  • Hematomas
  • Shoulder rotator cuff tendonitis
  • Sprains
  • Carpal tunnel syndrome
  • Soft tissue masses
  • Cysts

The benefits of this exam are that it is painless, widely accessible, and inexpensive compared to other imaging studies, and does not use radiation. It also has the advantage of being able to be performed in the doctor’s office and show the image in real time, which favors an accurate diagnosis and information on the inflammatory process or injury. Also, the ultrasound is used as a guide for more invasive treatments such as infiltrations, regenerative therapies, among other interventions.

When requiring a medical assessment for a musculoskeletal injury or discomfort, it is preferable to see a doctor with experience and knowledge in ultrasound for a complete and accurate care.